Author Archives: Waseem Akaram

RESEARCH REGARDING THE USE IN ROAD TECHNIQUE OF BITUMINOUS SCHIST FROM ROMANIA

The use of bituminous schist is imposed by a significant increase in the price of bituminous binders, simultaneously with the gradual degradation of the road network in Romania, as well as with the increase of motorization and, therefore, the limitation of rehabilitation possibilities due to high costs. By incorporating bituminous schist into the asphalt mixture, a significant reduction in the amount of bitumen conventionally used is achieved, a binder that is currently only imported.

Also, given the progressive increase in demand for asphalt mixtures, and consequently for road bitumen, correlated with the quantitative and qualitative deficit of this essential material in road works, highlighted the importance of use in the preparation of bituminous mixtures of unconventional components, such as bituminous schist.

Considering that the only norm based on which the technological recipes for asphalt mixtures with bituminous sand are made underwent the last modifications in 1985, one of the specific objectives of the doctoral thesis was to update the technical specifications contained in the norm in order to streamline the process. associated with these mixtures and for a better national implementation of these practices. Without this long-awaited review, the use of this unconventional material would become more difficult, although it has both technical, economic and environmental benefits.

This report presents studies performed on experimental and theoretical activities, undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge on the specified materials, respectively the crushing sand used in the preparation of asphalt mixtures, based on observations, tests and interpretation of laboratory results, which, based on some already existing knowledge will lead to a significant improvement of the knowledge of applicability of these materials in a specific field, respectively that of construction materials.

Regarding the studies on bituminous schist, it is proposed to continue the research by preparing different types of technological recipes for asphalt mixtures where the classic sand is replaced with bituminous shale crushing sand and determining the physical-mechanical characteristics by laboratory tests.

Keywords: Bituminous Schist, Asphalt Mixtures, Bitumen.

THE PHYSICAL-MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ASPHALT MIXTURES FOR BITUMINOUS COATINGS PREPARED WITH A HIGH BLAST FURNACE GRANULATED SLAG FILLER FROM THE LIBERTY GALATI PLANT, ROMANIA

Asphalt mixtures used for bituminous coatings consists of a homogeneous, compact mixture of natural aggregates agglomerated with bitumen. Replacing the natural filler with an artificial one, obtained as waste in the metallurgical industry, would lead to a saving of material and financial resources, being one of the methods of environmental conservation by conserving the relief, protecting localities from noise produced in stone quarries, reusing a waste material. The processing of granular blast furnace slag from Liberty Galati plant, country of Romania, into filler and their subsequent use in the preparation of asphalt mixtures, leads to obtaining favourable results on two of the most currently used types, AC16surf50/70 and AC22.4bin50/70.

The appreciation of the behaviour of the asphalt mixture prepared with blast furnace slag filler compared to a standard, leads to the conclusion that the mixture is correctly dimensioned and will withstand physical and mechanical factors.

Keywords: Asphalt Mixture, Blast Furnace Slag Filler.

PRECAST CONCRETE FENCE PANEL WITH PLASTIC BOTTLES AND RICE HULLS

Wastes that are not properly managed, especially liquid and solid waste from households and the community, are serious health hazards and lead to the spread of infectious diseases. Thus, the researcher formulated a solution to make them useful in order to minimize the excessive generation of waste. This study aims to develop a Precast Concrete Fence Panel made from recycled plastic bottles and rice hulls ash to be used for commercial and industrial sites, livestock backyards, landscapes, pools, and ports. Specifically, the appropriate proportion of materials in its fabrication was also determined. Its performance quality in terms of hardness, compressive strength, specific gravity and absorption was tested. Moreover, its acceptability in terms of performance, durability and reliability was likewise determined. This study adopted the developmental-descriptive method of research. The design and fabrication of the Precast Concrete Fence Panel resulted in a product that permits light and air-flow, has a pivotal post, stackable and with added green material. The performance quality of the Precast Concrete Fence Panel in terms of hardness, compressive strength, specific gravity and absorption is within the acceptable standard range for concrete. The performance, durability and reliability of the Precast Concrete Fence Panel were highly acceptable to the evaluators.

Keywords: Technology, Precast Concrete, Fence, Developmental-descriptive Method, Philippines.

INVESTMENT RISK OF PROCEEDS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY ASSOCIATION IN A FUZZY PORTFOLIO APPRAISAL

The hazard measure assumes a significant job for portfolio determination issue. Anyway the traditional Markowitz’s MV technique doesn’t coordinate this present reality in various conditions, accordingly specialists done are to improve and change the MV model to speak to the reasonableness. The portfolio hazard is measured by utilizing the change of fuzzy returns. The proposed model gives better execution when contrasted with old style mean-difference model. Numerical models are likewise introduced to represent the convenience of the model. For an uncertain capital market, this examination encourages progressively sensible venture choices with four target choices. To oversee such a speculation, another fuzzy return work, where a few protections are considered for abundance venture dependent on the chose ensured pace of return is acquainted with improve the probabilistic mean and difference esteems, prompting an overhauled fuzzy portfolio model. As indicated by set a few protections for abundance interest in the fuzzy return work, effective portfolios for each chose ensured pace of return can be acquired under various degrees of speculation chance, an arithmetical occasion of a portfolio variety problem to exhibit the assessed model. A few numerical models are given to outline the demonstrating thought and the adequacy of the proposed calculation.

Keywords: Investment Risk, Reinforcement, Fuzzy Portfolio, Proceeds, Corporation.

EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION AND ATTITUDE ON ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION AMONG GRADUATING STUDENTS OF THE NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

In Nigeria, unemployment has become normal for years comparing its neighbor countries. One of the least focused aspects of reducing unemployment is promoting entrepreneurship. Despite all factual and empirical evidence confirming that Entrepreneurship is the engine that propelled growth of every economy around the world, Nigeria is yet to experience meaningful growth of Entrepreneurship. The objective of this study is to propose a link between Entrepreneurial Education (EE) and Attitude on Entrepreneurial (EA) Intention among Graduating Students of the Nigerian Universities. The formulation of the framework is based on a review of literature on Entrepreneurship, This conceptual paper is based on a critical literature review of EI, and from the foresight of the former research result. for this paper, more than 100 articles from Science Direct, Emerald, Taylor & Francis, and many peer-review papers published in the international journals and conferences were reviewed through the research period. It of no doubt if this study is validated will provide an avenue for Government to develop new strategies for eradicating unemployment in the country, and to embolden graduate’s intention to partake in small business. The proposed framework will assist not only in helping students to develop an intention to start their venture but also to policy-makers and other stakeholders in improving the university curriculum to include a practical approach toward students partaking in an entrepreneurial venture. The results of the action regulation factors would boost the establishment of additional sustainable enterprises in Nigeria.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Intention, Entrepreneurial Attitude, Entrepreneurial Education.

GENDER EQUALITY AND PARTICIPATION IN POLICY MAKING WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIA AND AFGHANISTAN

The paper deals with the gender equality and participation in policy making with special reference to India and Afghanistan. Gender inequality is the most persistent and pervasive global problem of the 21st century militating against the attainment of sustainable development in patriarchal societies. Thus, the research focused on analyzing how society perceives the concept of gender equality, participation and women empowerment, factors that militate against the achievement of gender equality in the society and its role in sustainable development. In gathering information, the study based on theoretical concepts and also develop a framework based on an in-depth literature study. The paper ties the theoretical interpretation of current various knowledge sources used by farmers to the conceptual model system. Basically, in this paper, we have studied policies and review quality research papers on the topic gender equality and participation in policy making with special reference to India and Afghanistan. And the source of information gathers based on secondary information and interpret gathered information on basis of websites of government and organizations India and Afghanistan. The findings of this paper indicate that gender equality has positive economic consequences in decision-making, it improves gender participation in community development programmes and leads to healthy families and increased food productivity. When women are highly qualified, more responsible and less corruptible, this causes efficiency gains to emerge. The paper concluded that gender equality, participation and women empowerment are essential tools in the achievement of reduction of discrimination which help to increase efficiency and consequence to sustainable development in both countries India and Afghanistan.

Keywords: Gender Equality, Gender Participation, Policy Making, Afghanistan, India.

CAPTURING MUTUAL COUPLING EFFECTS BETWEEN AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CHIP AND CHIP PACKAGE USING EMI

In particular, one of the difficulties looked by submicron coordinated circuit architects is the issue of parasitic impacts from the interconnect wiring between a semiconductor bite the dust or chip and a chip bundle, e.g., chip-bundle coupling. This paper deals that all the more particularly, the association between a semiconductor kick the bucket or chip when bundled utilizing flip chip innovation can cause a noteworthy parasitic coupling impact between the chip and the bundle because of the way that the chip and bundle (bind knocks and the main bundle metal layer) are situated in nearness. A chip is semiconductor material, e.g., silicon, in which a coordinated circuit is framed, and a chip bundle is the substrate whereupon the chip, or chips, is mounted, e.g., a fired overlay bundle, or printed circuit board. The chip bundle gives a methods for interfacing the inside chip parts to outside hardware. The chip-bundle coupling has turned into a main consideration in effectively foreseeing execution of the coordinated circuit on the chip.

Keywords: EMI, Circuit, Chip, Integrated.

AN EXAMINATION OF GROUNDWATER DISCHARGE PATTERNS A CASE STUDY OF WAK OYA AREA, SRI LANKA

Radon, is a natural radioactive element that can be found on water, soil and rock. Radon can be used to identify the ground and surface water system for protect the ground water recharge areas. Wak oya is one of the streams starts from Labugama-Kalatuwawa forest reserve which contribute the birth of many water ways. The main aim of this study is identifying the discharge difference between ground and surface water and study the changes in land use pattern in Wak oya catchment area to identify the changes in ground and surface water system in the area. These data can be used to protect the recharge area. Nine stream samples and five well water samples were analyzed for radon (222Rn) using RAD Aqua system, which transfer dissolve radon in the water samples to the air within the circuit. Land use changes of the study area analyze using remote sensing data, satellite images and land use data from Survey Department of SL. Radon concentration in the water samples studied varies between 1979 +/- 150,3260 +/- 150, and 7690 +/-160,15900 +/- 182 surface and ground water respectively. Measurements can be concluded that there is significant difference between radon concentrations of surface and well water. The differences in radon concentrations are used to detect interactions between surface water and ground water.

Keywords: Geology, Groundwater, Radon, Radioactivity,  Surface Water.

STUDY ON WIRELESS SECURITY ON MOBILE PAYMENT

Present paper explains about the security system framework where transactions with monetary esteem are conducted through a mobile system or different wireless systems utilizing a mobile handset or some other gadget with ability to connect to a system wirelessly. This current paper’s motivation was to acquaint the per user with some wireless systems and the security instruments included. Security assaults were only seen, and there was no chance to test these assaults practically speaking. New utilize territories with numerous potential outcomes and new plans of action have developed and still do to oblige this better approach for utilizing our gadgets are mention.

Keywords: Wireless Security, Security Assault, Mobile Payment.

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT WITH PYTHON PROGRAMMING

The PEP cycle is the essential instrument for proposing major new highlights, for gathering criticism on an issue, and for reporting the design choices that have gone into Python. Outstanding PEPs are remarked and explored by the Python Community. As of March 2017, Python is the fifth most mainstream language. In this paper, an investigation discusses on Python discovered it to be more profitable than traditional dialects for critical thinking including string control and search in a word reference. The social news organizing site Reddit is composed totally in Python. Python has been utilized in Artificial Intelligence errands. Python is frequently utilized for Natural Language preparing errands. Numerous Linux disseminations use installers written in Python. Python has additionally broad use in Information Security Industry. The Raspberry Pi single-board PC venture has begun utilizing Python as its principle client programming language.

Keywords: Python, PEP, Language, Information.